By Duhamel, Jean-Ren??; Rizzolatti, Giacomo; Dehaene, Stanislas; Hauser, Marc D
The remarkable overlap among human and chimpanzee genomes doesn't bring about an equivalent overlap among human and chimpanzee recommendations, sensations, perceptions, and feelings; there are enormous similarities but in addition significant adjustments among human and nonhuman primate brains. From Monkey mind to Human Brain makes use of the newest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to examine the complicated styles of convergence and divergence in primate cortical association and function.
Several chapters study using glossy applied sciences to check primate brains, studying the potentials and the restrictions of neuroimaging in addition to genetic and computational methods. those tools, that are utilized identically throughout diverse species of primates, aid to spotlight the ambiguity of nonlinear primate evolution -- the truth that significant adjustments in mind measurement and sensible complexity resulted from small alterations within the genome. different chapters determine believable analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive features as mathematics, studying, idea of brain, and altruism; study the function of parietofrontal circuits within the construction and comprehension of activities; learn the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive regulate; and discover to what quantity visible popularity and visible consciousness are comparable in people and different primates.
The Fyssen starting place is devoted to encouraging clinical inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human habit and has lengthy backed symposia on issues of principal significance to the cognitive sciences.
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Additional info for A From Monkey Brain to Human Brain : Fyssen Foundation Symposium
Metha, A. , & Lennie, P. (1999). Rapid adaptation in visual cortex to the structure of images. Science, 285(5432), 1405–1408. , & Dehaene, S. (2001). The priming method: Imaging unconscious repetition priming reveals an abstract representation of number in the parietal lobes. Cerebral Cortex, 11(10), 966–974. Saint-Cyr, J. , Ungerleider, L. , & Desimone, R. (1990).
Adaptation was observed when the observers were presented repeatedly with identical images of objects. Stronger recovery from adaptation was shown across orientation or illumination changes compared to size and position changes. Interestingly, adaptation effects across orientation and size changes were observed more strongly in the anterior rather than the posterior regions of the LOC. 8, plate 10; Kourtzi & Kanwisher, 2001). 6 the results of t-tests. The arrows point to the activated visual areas the borders of which were identified based on anatomical criteria.
MRI studies in high magnetic fields, in which voxels may contain as few as 600–800 cortical neurons, can help us understand how neural networks are organized, and how small cell assemblies contribute to the activation patterns revealed in fMRI. The combination of this technique with electrophysiology has confirmed that the areal activations measured in MR neuroimaging do indeed reflect local increases in neural activity. In addition, it has been demonstrated that fMRI responses mostly reflect the input of a given cortical area and its local intracortical processing.