By Ronald Grigor Suny, Terry Martin
This amassed quantity, edited by means of Ron Suny and Terry Martin, exhibits how the Soviet country controlled to create a multiethnic empire in its early years, from the tip of the Russian Revolution to the top of global conflict II. Bringing jointly the most recent learn on a large geographic variety, from Russia to imperative Asia, this quantity is key interpreting for college kids and students of Soviet background and politics.
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Extra resources for A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin
Demography and National Security (New York: Berghahn, 2001). 33. Mark Beissinger, "The Persisting Ambiguity of Empire," Post-Soviet Affairs n, no. 2 (April-June 1995). 34. Tom Nairn, The Break-up of Britain: Crisis and Mo-nationalism (London: NLB, 1977), and After Britain: New Labour and the Return of Scotland (London: Granta, 2000). 35. : Princeton University Press, 1994), pp. 250-324. 36. The phrase belongs to Levon Ter Petrosian, then the chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic.
26. The classic account is Nicholas Timasheff, The Great Retreat: The Growth and Decline of Communism in Russia (New York: Dutton, 1946). 27. On strategic ethnicity, see Abner Cohen, Custom and Politics in Urban Africa: A Study ofHausa Migrants in Yoruba Towns (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969). 28. This paragraph summarizes analysis found in Martin, The Affirmative Action Empire, chapter 7. 29. On the trend toward creating a deep historic past—a primordial ethnicity— for all Soviet nationalities in this period, see Slezkine, "The USSR as a Communal Apartment"; Terry Martin, "Modernization or Neo-Traditionalism?
While empire is inequitable rule over something different, nation-state rule is, at least in theory if not always in practice, the same for all members of the nation. Citizens of the nation, equal under the law, have a different relationship with their state than do the subjects of empire. 18 If peripheries are fully integrated into the metropole, as various medieval Russian principalities were into Muscovy, and treated as well or badly as the metropolitan provinces, then the relationship is not imperial.