By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity major researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its issues contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal element; the connection among that means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of other subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its objectives are to supply a complete imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive homes of adjectives and adverbs, to focus on the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and specified integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the e-book with an outline of present learn prior to introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is aimed toward students and complex scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition attracted to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Additional info for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse
Also discussion of this example in Scott 2002). On the view taken here, this would require a language-speciﬁc innovation, perhaps the innovation of a particular functional head. Principles of economy might favor ﬁtting adjectives into the independently motivated structure when possible, leading to favored orders but admitting reverse orders when motivated. 8 Conclusion In conclusion, Cinque’s general idea that the ﬁne syntactic structure of the DP can be put to use to constrain adjectival ordering is superior to Conclusion 41 any alternative thus far available.
Hebrew: Shlonsky 2004, contra Sproat and Shih 1991). In many cases, there is a preferred ordering and a marked ordering, or two diﬀerent interpretations for two diﬀerent orders. 1 Fine-grained structure One approach that has been pursued is to identify individual adjective classes with speciﬁc functional heads, which are presumed to exist independently in the functional sequence. For example, Cinque (1994) observes various preferred orders, such as those in (31), and proposes the hierarchy in (32).
117 and 123). (7) a. kaa-b’ sulan aw-aan two-inan smooth A2-corncob “your two corncobs” b. 3d corncob “three corncobs” c. round plum small-pl “two small plums” Numeral classiﬁers in this language distinguish human, animal, and inanimate nouns (here only the inanimate one is shown). ). Note in (7a–b) that the same noun can appear with diﬀerent classiﬁers, depending on how the referent is perceived. A third important type of classiﬁer is the noun classiﬁer, which typically sorts nouns by material qualities or essences (see Craig 1986, Grinevald 2000).