Airport Research Needs: Cooperative Solutions (Special by Transportation Research Board National Research Council

By Transportation Research Board National Research Council

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Although they are not required to accommodate all of the many kinds of aircraft used by airlines, commercialservice airports compete for airline services with other airports. They are seldom in a position to ignore these requirements lest they lose their airline tenants. Consequently, FAA’s aircraft certification requirements can compel airport operators to make significant investments to change runway and taxiway dimensions, maintenance and fueling facilities, and other services and infrastructure to accommodate as many different kinds of aircraft as possible.

Table 2-1 FAA Advisory Circulars for Airport Planning, Design, Construction, and Maintenance Required by FAA Regulation Approved by FAA as Satisfying Regulatory Requirement Advisory Circular Number Title Topic Date Last Revised 150/5200-30A Airport Winter Safety and Operations 1/15/2002 x 150/5200-31A Airport Emergency Plan 9/30/1999 x 150/5200-33 Hazardous Wildlife Attractants on or Near Airports 5/1/1997 150/5200-34 Construction or Establishment of Landfills near Public Airports 8/26/2000 150/5210-13A Water Rescue Plans, Facilities, and Equipment 5/31/1991 x 150/5210-14A Airport Fire and Rescue Personnel Protective Clothing 7/13/1995 x 150/5210-15 Airport Rescue and Firefighting Station Building Design 7/30/1987 150/5210-17 Programs for Training of Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Personnel 4/6/1995 150/5210-18 Systems for Interactive Training of Airport Personnel 4/13/1994 x 150/5210-19 Driver’s Enhanced Vision System 12/23/1996 x 150/5210-20 Ground Vehicle Operations on Airports 6/21/2002 150/5210-2A Airport Emergency Medical Facilities and Services 11/27/1984 150/5210-5B Painting, Marking, and Lighting of Vehicles Used on an Airport 7/11/1986 150/5210-6C Aircraft Fire and Rescue Facilities and Extinguishing Agents 1/28/1985 Required for Federal Aid x x x x Notes 150/5210-7C Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Communications 7/1/1999 x x 150/5220-10C Guide Specification for Water/Foam Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Vehicles 2/28/2002 x x 150/5220-13B Runway Surface Condition Sensor Specification Guide 3/27/1991 x 150/5220-17A Design Standards for an Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting Training Facility 11/24/1998 x 150/5220-18 Buildings for Storage and Maintenance of Airport Snow and Ice Control Equipment and Materials 10/15/1992 x 150/5220-19 Guide Specification for Small Agent Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Vehicles 12/7/1993 150/5220-20 Airport Snow and Ice Control Equipment 3/1/1994 150/5220-21B Guide Specification for Devices Used to Board Airline Passengers with Mobility Impairments 3/17/2000 x 150/5220-22 Engineered Materials Arresting Systems for Aircraft Overruns 10/6/2000 x 150/5220-4B Water Supply Systems for Aircraft Fire and Rescue Protection 7/29/1992 150/5300-13 Airport Design 9/30/2000 150/5300-14 Design of Aircraft Deicing Facilities 8/31/2000 x 150/5300-15 Use of Value Engineering for Engineering and Design of Airport Grant Projects 9/9/1993 x 150/5300-9A Predesign, Prebid, and Preconstruction Conferences for Airport Grant Projects 5/1/1985 x x x x x x (continued on next page) Table 2-1 (continued ) FAA Advisory Circulars for Airport Planning, Design, Construction, and Maintenance Advisory Circular Number Title Topic Date Last Revised 150/5320-12C Measurement, Construction, and Maintenance of Skid Resistant Airport Pavement Surfaces 3/18/1997 150/5320-14 Airport Landscaping for Noise Control Purposes 1/31/1978 150/5320-15 Management of Airport Industrial Waste 4/22/1997 150/5320-16 Airport Pavement Design for the Boeing 777 10/22/1995 150/5320-5B Airport Drainage 7/1/1970 150/5320-6D Airport Pavement Design and Evaluation 1/30/1996 150/5325-4A Runway Length Requirements for Airport Design 1/29/1990 150/5335-5 Standardized Method of Reporting Airport Pavement Strength 3/6/1987 150/5340-14B Economy Approach Lighting Aids 6/19/1970 150/5340-17B Standby Power for Non-FAA Airport Lighting Systems 1/6/1986 150/5340-18C Standards for Airport Sign Systems 11/13/1991 150/5340-1H Standards for Airport Markings 12/1/2000 150/5340-21 Airport Miscellaneous Lighting Visual Aids 3/25/1971 150/5340-23B Supplemental Wind Cones 5/11/1990 Required by FAA Regulation Approved by FAA as Satisfying Regulatory Requirement Required for Federal Aid Notes x x x x x x x x Airports must follow marking standards 150/5340-24 Runway and Taxiway Edge Lighting System 9/3/1975 150/5340-26 Maintenance of Airport Visual Aid Facilities 8/26/1982 150/5340-27A Air-to-Ground Radio Control of Airport Lighting Systems 3/4/1986 x x 150/5340-28 Low Visibility Taxiway Lighting Systems 9/1/1998 x x 150/5340-29 Installation Details for Land and Hold Short Lighting Systems 12/30/1999 150/5340-4C Installation Details for Runway Centerline Touchdown Zone Lighting Systems 5/6/1975 150/5340-5B Segmented Circle Airport Marker System 12/21/1984 150/5345-10E Specification for Constant Current Regulator Monitors 10/16/1984 150/5345-12C Specification for Airport and Heliport Beacon 1/9/1984 150/5345-13A Specification for L-841 Auxiliary Relay Cabinet Assembly for Pilot Control of Airport Lighting Circuits 8/8/1986 x 150/5345-26C Specification for L-823 Plug and Receptacle, Cable Connectors 4/17/2000 x 150/5345-27C Specification for Wind Cone Assemblies 7/19/1985 x 150/5345-28D Precision Approach Path Indicator PAPI Systems 11/1/1991 x 150/5345-39B FAA Specification L-853, Runway and Taxiway Centerline Retroreflective Markers 12/9/1980 150/5345-3E Specification for L-821 Panels for Control of Airport Lighting 9/1/1998 150/5345-42C Specification for Airport Light Bases, Transformer Houses, Junction Boxes and Accessories 10/29/1991 x x x (continued on next page) Table 2-1 (continued ) FAA Advisory Circulars for Airport Planning, Design, Construction, and Maintenance Required by FAA Regulation Approved by FAA as Satisfying Regulatory Requirement Advisory Circular Number Title Topic Date Last Revised 150/5345-43E Specification for Obstruction Lighting Equipment 10/19/1995 x 150/5345-44F Specification for Taxiway and Runway Signs 8/23/1994 x 150/5345-45A Lightweight Approach Light Structure 12/9/1987 150/5345-46B Specification for Runway and Taxiway Light Fixtures 9/1/1998 150/5345-47A Isolation Transformers for Airport Lighting Systems 12/9/1987 150/5345-49A Specification L-854, Radio Control Equipment 8/8/1986 150/5345-50 Specification for Portable Runway Lights 10/16/1978 150/5345-51 Specification for Discharge-Type Flasher Equipment 8/14/1981 150/5345-52 Generic Visual Glideslope Indicators 6/21/1988 150/5345-53B Airport Lighting Equipment Certification Program 9/15/2002 150/5345-54A Specification for L-884 Power and Control Unit for Land and Hold Short Lighting Systems 6/29/2001 x 150/5345-7E Specification for L-824 Underground Electrical Cable for Airport Lighting Circuits 8/2/2001 x 150/5360-12C Airport Signing and Graphics 8/29/2001 Required for Federal Aid Notes x Circular refers to and recommends industry publication “Guidelines for Airport Signing and Graphics,” developed by ACI, AAAE, ATA, and ACC R&D Task Force 150/5360-13 Planning and Design Guidelines for Airport Terminal Facilities 4/22/1988 150/5360-14 Access to Airports by Individuals with Disabilities 6/30/1999 150/5370-10A Standards for Specifying Construction of Airports 1/30/2001 150/5370-11 Use of Nondestructive Testing Devices in the Evaluation of Airport Pavements 6/4/1976 150/5370-12 Quality Control of Construction for Airport Grant Projects 9/6/1985 150/5370-13 Offpeak Construction of Airport Pavements Using Hot-Mix Asphalt 8/27/1990 150/5370-2D Operational Safety on Airports During Construction 5/30/2002 150/5380-5B Debris Hazards at Civil Airports 7/5/1996 150/5380-6 Guidelines and Procedures for Maintenance of Airport Pavements 12/3/1982 150/5380-7 Pavement Management System 9/28/1988 Recommended to assist with ADA compliance x x NOTE: ACI = Airports Council International; AAAE = American Association of Airport Executives; ATA = Air Transport Association; ACC = Airport Consultants Council; ADA = Americans with Disabilities Act.

Some airport problems may already be well understood, and solutions may be available. The solutions may not have been adopted for a variety of reasons—political, institutional, or economic. Pricing as a means of reducing runway congestion is one example. In such cases, careful consideration will be required to ensure that the scope of the problem is narrowed so that the research can yield useful results. ■ Can the product of the research be well articulated? It is not possible to anticipate all the potential uses and benefits of research.

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