American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic by James J. Hennesey

By James J. Hennesey

Written by way of one of many most advantageous historians of yankee Catholicism, this publication offers a finished historical past of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States from colonial occasions to the current. Hennesey examines, particularly, minority Catholics and advancements within the western a part of the us, a quarter frequently ignored in non secular histories.

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The most substantial Catholic settlement was in Maryland, a proprietary col- 38 AMERICAN CATHOLICS ony granted by King Charles I in 1632 to Caecilius Calvert, second Baron Baltimore, and named for the ill-fated monarch's French queen, Henrietta Marie. " Baltimore's purposes were certainly political and mercantile. They were also religious. Like his father before him, he was a Roman Catholic—a proscribed papist.

He returned to Iroquois territory in 1645 as a peace ambassador, but in 1646 was again taken captive. The Indians blamed the missionaries for crop failures and sicknesses which had reached epidemic proportions, and in 1646 Jogues, Jean de LaLande, and a Huron Christian suffered martyrdom somewhere near the present site of Auriesville. 7 The next Jesuit effort among the Iroquois was among the Onondaga. In 1654 Father Simon LeMoyne accepted an invitation to visit their principal towns on the Oswego River.

In 1785 New Orleans received its first bishop, the Capuchin Cirillo Sieni, a native of Barcelona who was appointed auxiliary to the bishop of Santiago and, after 1787, to the bishop of Havana. His eight years in office were equally divided between Cuba and Louisiana, with trips also to Florida. In 1793 Pope Pius VI established the diocese of Louisiana and the Floridas, centered in New Orleans, which therefore ranks third in American seniority, after San Juan LOUISIANA 33 (1511) and Baltimore (1789).

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