By Ivan Waddington
Why do many athletes danger their careers through taking performance-enhancing medicinal drugs? Do the hugely aggressive pressures of elite activities train athletes to win at any fee?
An creation to medicines in Sport offers a close and systematic exam of drug use in recreation and makes an attempt to provide an explanation for why athletes have, over the past 4 many years, more and more used performance-enhancing medicines. It deals a serious assessment of the foremost theories of drug use in recreation, and offers a close research of the involvement of activities physicians within the improvement and use of performance-enhancing medications. concentrating on drug use inside elite activity, the ebook deals an in-depth exam of significant modern subject matters and matters, including:
- the background of gear in game and altering styles of use
- fair play, dishonest and the вЂspirit of sportвЂ™
- WADA and the way forward for anti-doping policy
- drug use in specialist soccer and cycling
- sociological enquiry and the issues of gaining knowledge of medicines in sport.
Designed to aid scholars discover and comprehend this problematical quarter of study in activity reports, and richly illustrated all through with case experiences and empirical info, An creation to medications in Sport is a useful addition to the literature. it really is crucial interpreting for anyone with an curiosity within the dating among medications, activity and society.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Drugs in Sport: Addicted to Winning?
Drug use as a danger to health That at least part of the objection to the use of drugs should rest upon grounds of health is, perhaps, not altogether surprising, for there is little doubt that one aspect of the development of modern societies has involved a growing concern with health and health-related issues. Writing about Victorian England, for example, Holloway (1964: 320) has suggested that the emphasis on individual achievement which was such a marked feature of Victorian middle-class belief systems necessarily placed a high premium on the maintenance of health, for good health came increasingly to be seen ‘both as a prerequisite for success and as a necessary condition for the enjoyment and exploitation of success’; it might be noted in passing that this growing concern for health, and the associated increase in the demand Sport, health and drugs 21 for medical care, were important processes in the development of the modern medical profession in the nineteenth century (Waddington, 1984).
At the very least, Sport, health and drugs 31 it is reasonable to suggest that the argument that the ban on performanceenhancing drugs is designed to protect the health of athletes sits very uneasily with the institutionalized expectation in elite sport that athletes will take serious risks with their health, and with the associated ‘culture of risk’ which is also an integral part of elite sport and which normalizes pain, injury, and ‘playing hurt’. The legal use of dangerous drugs in sport The question of whether the banning of certain drugs in sport reﬂects a primary concern with health issues may also be approached more directly, via an examination of the use by athletes of techniques and substances which are not banned.
It is not: what is the origin of that risk? Setting the acceptable risk level for performance enhancing drugs should be consistent with the magnitude of risk which athletes are allowed to entertain in elite sport. It is in this context that they raised the issue of injury risks in sport. They noted that depending on the sport, ‘at elite levels athletes are always at high risk of some sort of accidental injury’ and that ‘some sports have chronic health conditions in almost every elite athlete’; for example, top-tier trampolinists have an 80 per cent incidence of stress urinary incontinence.