By Rudy Loock
This booklet sheds new gentle on Appositive Relative Clauses (ARCs), a constitution that's in general studied from a basically syntactic perspective, against Determinative (or Restrictive) Relative Clauses (DRCs). during this quantity, ARCs are tested from a discourse/pragmatic perspective, independently of DRCs, as a way to supply a good definition of the constitution. After a presentation of the morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of ARCs, a taxonomy in their capabilities in discourse is demonstrated for either written and spoken English in line with the result of a corpus-based research. Constraints are then outlined inside of an information-packaging method of syntactic buildings to teach why audio system decide upon ARCs over different competing allostructures, i.e. syntactic buildings that fulfil comparable discourse services (e.g. nominal appositives, autonomous clauses, adverbials, noun premodifiers, topicalization). the outcome is a deeper knowing of the richness of ARCs of their usual contexts of use.
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Extra info for Appositive relative clauses in English : discourse functions and competing structures
Recent research (Del Gobbo 2001; Zhang 2001) has shown that only one type of RC exists in Chinese.
66) When the signal had actually been given, and the train was already in motion, the door at the opposite side of the carriage opened, and the man came in who had wrung the unconscious sleeper’s nose half off his face. 2): (67) Sure, there were right-on people, men and women, who would be repelled and appalled by his logic, but that was fine by him. (68) Karen tried to do what she was told, although sometimes she made mistakes; and there were other things, like the sleepwalking, that she couldn’t help.
C. d. He is an architect. The man I had dinner with last night, he is an architect. Who is an architect? The man I had dinner with last night. It’s the man I had dinner with last night who is an architect. 2 The ARC: A unique constituent or orphanage? Regarding ARCs, the question of their syntactic representation and degree of attachment is much more complex. Two main theories have been in opposition in the literature, to which intermediate theories have been added, and no consensus has been reached.