Aspects of the Syntax of Agreement by Cedric Boeckx

By Cedric Boeckx

This quantity brings jointly a number of strands of analysis concentrating on elements of the syntax of contract, and the function that contract performs in linguistic concept. The essays amassed the following exhibit how and why contract has emerged lately because the significant theoretical build in minimalism. even if the theoretical context of the quantity is minimalist in personality, Boeckx formulates formal and substantial universals within the area of agreement.

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The details of a phase-based analysis will not be discussed, since I want to adopt the strictest version of cyclicity—the null hypothesis. But I want to note that Chomsky’s analysis of intervention in (5) has another feature that is undesirable theoretically, and should therefore be dispensed with if possible. According to Chomsky, the intervention effect we see in (5) is of a specific type. It is an instance of defective intervention. Intervention is defective if the intervener is a ‘passive’ blocker as opposed to an active element.

3. The Nature of Inherent Case The present study has argued that agreement takes place with dative elements in the syntax, but that this process cannot be morphologically realized, roughly because the information is already contained on the nominal item. As a result, agreement surfaces as default (third person singular). This casts doubt on the well-established inherent/structural Case distinction. 34 (73) Die Kuchen wurden/*wurde gegessen. ’ (74) Den Kindern wurde/*wurden geholfen. ’ The PCC does not force us to view inherent Case as special, or ‘inert’ for agreement; rather, it leads us to argue in favor of viewing inherent Case as equally ‘active’ as structural Case in the syntax.

D. Hennii virðist [ ti hafa leiðst bókin]. ’ e. Hún vonast til [að PRO leiðast ekki bókin]. ’ f. Hún var syfjuð og (henni) leiddist bókin. ’ With this much background, we can turn to subject–verb-agreement patterns in ‘Quirky’ constructions. ). (3) Við kusum stelpuna. ’ (4) Þær virðast tr hafa verið tb kosnar t. ’ Sigurðsson (1992: 2, (1), (4)) However, once we turn to Quirky subjects, facts get murky. If there is only one argument—the Quirky Case-marked subject—agreement does not obtain between the verb and the subject.

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